Art Integration in the New Educational Policy of 2020
The government of India introduced NEP on 29 July 2020. It outlines the new vision of the Indian education system and replaces the previous education policy of 1986 & is aimed to be implemented by the year 2040. The NEP includes many key changes like the abandonment of the 10+2 system and the introduction of the 5+3+3+4 system of education. A great change that has been made is the inclusion of Art Integrated Learning (AIL) in our schooling system.
Art Integrated Learning (AIL) is an experiential learning framework. It enables students to use their own time and comfort to create an inclusive learning atmosphere for all types of students. It is one of the major novel elements being introduced into the education system. In simple terms, it is learning with the arts. It revolves around the principle of using various art forms as a medium of teaching in classrooms. Integrating art into classrooms has numerous benefits like-
- Builds critical thinking.
- Leads to the holistic development of the child.
- High engagement of students.
- Brings out hidden talents in students.
- Provides connective learning.
Ways To Integrate Art In Learning.
In the video shown above, Prof. Pawan Sudhir eloquently explains Art Integrated Learning. She talks about the logic behind it as well as the extensive benefits that it provides the learners. She also addresses the common question that arises about the practicality of AIL by saying that it has been field-tested in schools in over 10 states across India. She also went on to add that the programme designed by the NCERT was made to enable both private and municipal schools to include AIL in their curricula.
Prof Sudhir says that there are 2 main ways to carry out AIL-
- By teaching the art itself-
This is the most common thought that comes to our mind. While it may seem easy coming off the bat, there is more to it. Teaching any art form requires a concrete curriculum just as there is one for academic subjects. Although many authorities have published guidelines for the teaching of these subjects, a concrete, graded curriculum for these is yet to be put down formally.
Click here to view a paper released by the NCERT, in 2006 containing guidelines to form an art curriculum for various art forms.
- By Using the Art Form To Teach Academic Subjects-
This form is the way that may seem unconventional but opens doors to multiple benefits. Prof. Sudhir in her own words says that arts come naturally to children & should be used as a medium to educate children in all subjects. This is the primary objective of AIL. It can be done through music, visual arts, dance etc. The environment of a classroom where the arts are being correctly utilised to educate students will naturally be a more engaging and a more active one and will also ensure maximum retention of the syllabus by the students.
Click here to view a pdf by the CBSE about enforcing AIL in this manner.
After all this, there still is a significant gap that hasn’t been addressed. All the reference material given above addresses AIL for primary and secondary grades extensively. There is nothing concrete we could find in our research for pre-primary. The pre-primary years are pivotal in the development of a child and must be addressed imperatively. If you have any resources that you would like to share, reach out to us and stay tuned for more.